Introduction section in research paper
An introduction is the first paragraph of a written research paper, or the firstthing you say in an oral presentation, or the first thing people see, hear, or experienceabout your project.It has two parts:1. A general introduction to the topic you will be discussing2. Without an introduction it is sometimes very difficult for your audience to figureout what you are trying to say.
There needs to be a thread of an idea that theywill follow through your paper or presentation. Many books recommend writing your introduction last, after yThe introduction does not have a strict word limit, unlike the abstract, but it should be as concise as possible. It can be a tricky part of the paper to write, so many scientists and researchers prefer to write it last, ensuring that they miss no major points.For a longer research paper, where you use an outline, it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline.
Here are a few outline examples.The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract.It works upon the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it into a broad context, gradually narrowing down to a research problem, thesis and hypothesis. They are dividedinto distinct sections and each section contains a specific typeof information. The length of the introduction will vary depending on the type of research paper you are writing.
An introduction should announce your topic, provide context and a rationale for your work, before stating your research questions and hypothesis. Announce your research topic. You might wantto introduce your topic by posing an interesting question. In this opening paragraph do NOT use jargon. See more on the next page.2.
Next, introduce the relevant literature. In the next few paragraphs discuss previousliterature that can speak to your question. Conceptually define all your terms when you first introduce them. Discuss findings or theorizing that isrelevant to your question. This will be the longest section of theintroduction. One reason for using this format is that itis a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings tothe broad community of scientists in a uniform manner.
Anotherreason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this formatallows the paper to be read at several different levels. Forexample, many people skim Titles to find out what informationis available on a subject. OthersScientificpapers are for sharing your own original research work with other scientists orfor reviewing the research conducted by others. As such, they are critical tothe evolution of modern science, in which the work of one scientist builds uponthat of others.
To reach their goal, papers must aim to inform, not impress. Theymust be highly readable — that is,clear, accurate, and concise. To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must domore than simply present a chronological account of the research work.