Writing good introductions and conclusions
Introduction and Conclusion.These represent the most serious omission students regularly make. Every essayor paper designed to be persuasive needs a paragraph at the very outset introducingboth the subject at hand and the thesis which is being advanced. Introductions and conclusionsare crucial in persuasive writing. They put the facts to be cited into a coherentstructure and give them meaning. Even more important, they make the argumentreadily accessible to readers and remind them of that purpose from start toend.Think of it this way.
After all, the essay is the basic of most academic writing. But we also know that teaching essay writing is not easy. An introduction and conclusion are vital elements of a good essay.The introduction of an essay serves two purposes: it clarifies what the essay is about, and it grabs the readers interest. The first goal is straightforward. The second is more challenging.Ask students to think about some of their favorite movies. Ask them to think about how the movies begin.
They will probably discover that most movies begin with a dramatic or suspenseful opening. This is called a hook. We went around the classroom and each student took turns naming what he or she believed were the top two or three most difficult parts about writing.This exercise is helpful for a couple of reasons. For one, it allows students to begin the process of self-reflection that all successful writers must engage in. In order to get better, we need to be able to identify our weaknesses.Another advantage of this writing exercise is it helps students see that the issues they struggle with are not unique to their own writing.
A good introduction should identify your topic, provide essential context, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context. It will also, in some instances, add a stimulus to further thought. Since no two essays are the same, no single formula will automatically generate an introduction and conclusion for you. But the following guidelines will help you to construct a suitable beginning and end for your essay.